Invention and History of the Telephone

Graham-BellThere aren’t many of us who don’t take the telephone for granted in today’s era, but in the grand scheme of things it really wasn’t that long ago when they didn’t exist. Although a ‘tin can’ variety of magnetic, acoustic voice broadcasting device had been around for a few centuries beforehand, Alexander Graham Bell’s first telephone prototype, featuring electronic, micro-phonic implementation didn’t come along until 1876.

Earliest Telephone Experiments

Historians tell us the earliest telephone experiments took place between 1664 and 1685 by British physicist Robert Hooke. By 1667, he had invented a crude, but effective string phone. It was Hooke’s idea which helped bring about the progression of magnetically powered telephones. While these certainly didn’t produce as strong a signal as electronic phones, they were used quite predominantly among those who could afford them.

Acoustic Phones Competed With Electronic Phones

Believe it or not, there was a time when the older, cruder magnetic versions of the telephone competed with the earliest versions of electronic phones. Vying for control of the telephone market, manufacturers took full advantage of Bell’s expiring patent. 300 or so patents later a magnetic phone which could reach as far as a half mile had been manufactured. Many of these phones were used at railroad right-of-ways.

Needless to say, the magnetic telephone soon faded out of existence as electricity became more easy to harness and could be applied to the telephone. While Alexander Graham Bell is credited with the first US telephone patent, there were several inventors in the 19th century who contributed to its quick progression.

Antonio Meucci, – In 1854 the Italian inventor constructed telephone-like devices which were used by many for communication.

Johann Philipp Reis – 1860 – Reis constructed the earliest versions of ‘make-and-break’ telephones, which today are referred to as Reis’ telephones.

Alexander Graham Bell – Was awarded the first US patent for inventing the telephone in 1876.
Elisha Gray – 1876 – Using a water microphone invented a telephone which was rather popular for a time.

In 1876, Tivadar Puskas was credited with creating the first switchboard exchange.

Thomas Edison is famous for inventing the first carbon microphone, which provided the telephone with the strongest signal yet known at that time.

First Commercial Telephone Exchange Board

telephone exchange boardIn 1876, while working with Thomas Edison, Hungarian engineer Tivadar Puskas began work on the first telephone exchange board. Up until this time, telephones could only work through one direct line connected from one home or business to another.

Following many trial and errors, Puskas and his investors opened the first commercial telephone exchange center in New Haven, Connecticut on January 28, 1878. Less than two years from the day, Puskas and Edison had first started on the endeavor.

20th Century Growth of the Telephone

More than 3 million telephones were being used throughout the United States by 1904 and by 1914 they were leading the world in telephone density. Telephone installation and usage in the US continued to grow and lead the rest of the world in the 1900’s, with several residents of England still not using a phone up until the late 1960’s.
history-of-telephoneUntil the 1930’s a separate ringer box had to be used for telephones, but soon the bell and induction coil were being constructed within the phone unit. Batteries had been used up until the 1930’s as well. It was at this time where power could now be provided to the phone subscriber via central office batteries.
The following 30 years saw the telephone progress in size and efficiency, whereby the late 60’s the rotary dial was replaced with touch-tone technology.

Early History of Mobile Telephones

Two-way radios installed in taxicabs, police cruisers, railroad trains and other civil vehicles set the stage for the eventual fruition of mobile telephone capability. As early as 1947 Bell Labs engineers Douglas H. Ring and W. Rae Young entertained the idea of directional antennas which could pick up 3 signals at a time, instead of just one using hexagonal cells. The full technology wasn’t realized until the 1960’s, however.

cell-phoneThe first cellular phone call took place on April 3, 1973, by Martin Cooper, the manager of Motorola at the time. Dr. Joel S. Engel, head researcher at AT&T’s Bell Labs was the receiver of the call.

Through the invention of cable, fiber optics, and WIFI we get the telephone technology we have today. While the gist of the electronics of the modern telephone didn’t change very much for several decades recent technological advances have been taking place at light speed rates. The telephone has come a long way in a relatively short period of time.

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Communication usage in sites – Rise of WebRTC

phone-technologyInternet communications have come a long way in the past decade. With the invention of Voice-over Internet Protocol (VoIP), this technology is now much more available to the general public and allows certain chat services to be much more accessible.
Certain technologies like Web Real Time Communication (WebRTC) are highly efficient, which allow for audio and video chat platforms to be utilized without the need to employ plugins, downloads or installations. Although, very hard to utilize and incorporate into a business and use properly. I came across a website that uses this software highly efficiently and allows users to benefit without all the technical “know how”. The site utilizes this phone technology [NSFW] and it’s very advantageous to the consumer, who may not understand the technicalities of specific software.
Both phone and internet related – are among some of the fastest used for video and audio chat in the industry. They pride themselves in bringing their customers the most comfortable, dependable and convenient call experience possible and we definitely agree with them.
Phone lines still work well when it comes to chat communications, however, it is more expensive and they can only handle so many people at one time. While the above site employs many call takers, this technology has become less common with the new advent of software’s such as WebRTC. Users can now connect with their favorite sex talk models via the most modern and reliable audio / webcam instant messengers available today.
webrtcWebRTC works by passing data between browsers for communication, gaming and file transfers. In this case, communication is the data that needs to be addressed. It can be a rather involved and complicated process, sometimes causing a delay between the two or more parties communicating. If you have ever engaged in a video chat with someone on the other side of the planet, you can relate to this result. Due to the massive amount of data that must be transferred from one party to another over a VoIP line, at this stage in modern technology it is an unavoidable side effect.

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Blog Style Simplified Explanation Of WebRTC And Some Of Its Benefits And Cost Savings

webrtcJuli here, your GO-TO girl for the latest news in the WebRTC world and items of interest to those who use or are thinking about using WebRTC in their business or implementing it in Apps they are developing.

Today, we have a potpourri of items to cover:

So, here it is in a nutshell.

The whole idea of WebRTC is to allow you to see and talk to someone via your browser in a live environment.

Captain_Kirk_plzSo, think of it in terms of Star Trek. Captain Kirk whips out his communicator and talks to Mr. Spock and everything is taken care of, he gets the girl and everything is right with the universe. But the catch is that it’s all voice and we know body language is 50% or better of the content of any message.

With WebRTC, Kirk can hold a conference with realtime video, sound, and with all the ship’s department heads, and get their take on a situation to make the best decision possible. He sees their body language and taps into the nonverbal channels that are part of our everyday communications.

Not as exciting from an action adventure TV series standpoint, I admit but much more cost effective and everyone is on the same page at the same time at the end of the day.

Cost Savings and Benefits

The primary benefit is that you can use P2P platforms. This means off the shelf webcams and microphones can be used. This also means no more having set aside special conference rooms with expensive hardware, hard or satellite links to get everyone online.

At Places like Chase Manhattan on Dearborn street in Chicago with their state of the art video conferencing room on the 33rd floor, it all becomes moot and you free up a floor and have an extra million dollars to put back on the bottom line.

Everyone’s PC now can act as a two-way link, which later will include iPhones as well as other handheld devices.

Now every employee of you company can participate in group discussions and meetings. This changes your company from a lumbering behemoth to an agile lean predator gliding through the jungle of business markets today.

This is the simplified explanation of course.

Tune in next time when I will show you how the Apps actually accomplish this miracle for you. Until then this Juli signing off.

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Cell Phone Service for Travelers to India

For first-time travelers to India, India will seem like a chaotic and exotic place. However, there is easy and reliable cell phone service for travelers to India, and when you’re only a phone call away from assistance, even a foreign country such as India will make you feel a little more at home.


Airtel and Reliance are the companies that most of the travelers use as telecom services providers. You can purchase asim card at the airport after you’ve cleared customs and immigration. You’ll need to submit copies of your passport, visa, proof of a home address in your country of origin, plus a couple of photos.

There is even a service that provides you with a fully functioning cell phone upon your arrival at the airport gate, or delivered to your hotel, whichever you prefer.


And, armed with this easy and reliable to use cellphone service, you’ll be able to get more out of your visit to the country. Most sim cards cost as little as five dollars, and provide you with more calls than you usually will have time to make during your visit,

as long as all your calls remain local ones.Just keep in mind that the money you pay for the cellphone service also includes the price of the sim card, so if you buy a 300 rupee sim card, your call value would be more like 250 rupees.

simAnd, if people back home need to contact you Indian telecoms come with a very convenient policy. Even if you have run out of money to pay for calls on an Indian sim card, your sim card still receives incoming calls until the contract expiration date is reached. So, you can walk around with no money to make a phone call. And, still receive numerous calls until you’ve reached your expiration date.

Back at the hotel, you can inquire with the conciergewhich numbers will be useful to have stored on your sim card, for emergencies as well as convenience, as well as getting around. Remember, most Indians speak very good English, so communication should not be much of an issue.

And, if you happen to run out of money on your sim card, you can buy top-ups at numerous places in town.


Cellphone service has exploded in India since it first became popular during the nineties. And, by population, India actually has the second largest cellphone service in the world.

Everyone in the city has one. They are vital in negotiating the various services on offer in every major city. Deliveries, lunch orders, taxis, and reservations, everything can be done over the cellphone in the major metropolitan cities of India. And, cellphones are as vital a service to have for travelers as they are for locals.

You can make hotel and transportation reservations, or find out the opening hours of your favorite places to see while you’re in India. They can help you out when you are stranded by traffic or are trying to locate a travelling companion in India’s bustling cities.

So, to ensure you of a pleasant and trouble-free visit to India, especially for first-timers, a cellphone service should be one of your first purchases you make on your on arrival in India.

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